Thursday, August 1, 2013


While doing research for this, I’ve discovered that many of the embassy websites have a lot of valuable information. And I also discovered the Travel.State.Gov website, which is an extension of the US Bureau of Consular Affairs. It has a plethora of important information on country info as well as international travel advisories from war/fighting to weather related. Another cool website I discovered was It’s interesting to compare two countries together to put it in the perspective if you lived somewhere else. Ok, that concludes my public announcement. Let’s move on to more aesthetic topics, like art and literature.

Congo-Brazzaville is known for two types of art: sculpture and painting.   Different tribes of people had their own distinct styles of sculptures. Many of these sculptures of made of different types of wood: the Teke people carved their ancestral spirits out of wood using geometric shapes. They were also famous for making masks as well. The Kongo tribes were famous (or infamous) for creating their statues with nails and knifes sticking out of the sculpture. I guess that’ll teach people to keep their hands off.

Congolese painters have always shown a great interest and propensity for the arts and especially using a wide array of influences.  Congo has many female artists who have rose above in the art world to be nationally and internationally well-known in their field. One well-known painter, Rhode Bathe-Scheba Makoumbou, is the daughter of another famous painter, David Makoumbou. Her oil paintings portray women and their social life and daily activities. But not only does she paint, she also extends herself as a sculpurist. Her main mediums are sawdust and woodglue fixed on a metal frame. She tries to capture the traditional village life at risk of disappearance due to the quick urbanization that’s taking place. Some of the other woman artists making a difference are Yolande Motse Akanati (who does jewelry making, fashion designing, perfuming, as well as painting) and Tatiana Tsolo (who also portrays women, but from the point of view of their feelings and surroundings: love, nature, etc.)
"La Polygame" by Rhode Bathe-Scheba Makoumbou

One of the most famous painting schools dedicated to African painting is Brazzaville’s own Poto-Poto School of Painting. Overall, one of the most common focuses are depicting the rural as well as the urban life of the people of Congo.

Most literature from Congo-Brazzaville is written in French and started to emerge on the scene during the 1950s. Jean Malonga is often considered one the fathers of Congolese literature and has influenced many others. His most famous work that brought him to the forefront as well as the genre of modern Congolese literature is Coeur d’Aryenne, published in 1954. The focal point of his work, as well as the works of many of his contemporaries, was the black identity that was taking place during the colonial period. Keep in mind, these works were emerging at the same time talk was going on of the independence that would take place about six years later.

After gaining independence, the country faced new problems, and of course there was a new identity, which had its affect on Congolese literature. Congolese started making their way onto the scene, coming as novelists, journalists, playwrights, and poets. Guy Menga was one of the first playwrights, first publishing his works in the 1970s.  Henri Lopès is another writer who made distinct points on the comparisons and contrasts between life before and after independence, especially regarding its contribution to the literary arts. He’s had several works published over the past 40 years and is currently serving as ambassador of the Republic of Congo to France.

One author and professor, Alain Mabanckou, is a perfect example – and probably the most famous – of Congolese diaspora writers. Because of political instabilities and poor conditions past and present, many writers and artists were forced to flee the country in order to continue their art. And many just stayed where they ended up finding refuge even when things started to get better in Congo. Mabanckou used to teach at the University of Michigan but is now currently at UCLA (University of California at Los Angeles).

And while there are far more male writers than female ones, there have been many female writers to make their names known and hold their own ground in the literary world. Katia Mounthault is one of the more famous women writers from Republic of the Congo. Paule Etoumba (poet) and Adèle Caby-Livannah (short story writer) are two other women writers who have graced us with their take on insight of Congolese life from the female perspective.

Up next: music and dance


  1. Namaste from a Beautiful Himalaya Nepal
    Nepal Base Camp Treks is government register agency (licensed trekking guide team) in the Nepalese Himalayas Ranges… After working 18 years (since 1997) on the tough trails for several years as a mountain staff crew, and working so hard to develop our fluency in English languages, We became a guide in the year 2000 to 2002. We have spent the past 18 years as a professional Himalaya trekking guide, working for several Trek & Expedition companies in Kathmandu; we have now decided to work as an independent guide and self leading to provide all our national and international clients, who like to enjoy their Himalaya trekking holidays tour with us (
    In the last 18 years working experiences, our team have become very well-known with many Trekking Destinations throughout the country, this includes: The Everest Base Camp Treks, Annapurna Regions and Langtang Valley Regions, As well as Upper Mustang Treks, Manaslu Circuit Treks, Annapurna Circuit Trek,Ganesh Himal Trek, Helambu and all non tourist regions. Our teams at Nepal Base Camp Treks have studied well the lay of the land & our knowledgeable about local flora and fauna, cultural history and environmental issues in the areas where we trek are absolutely sound today. Our guests truly appreciate our services. We are able to guide Trekkers hoping to climb high passes Chola, Renjo La, thorong La,Larke La, Kongma La and peaks, & can take them to show exclusive spots for any adventures across the Himalayas. Nepal Base Camp Treks experience also covers the well known peaks of Mera Peak climbing , Island Peak Climbing,Lobuje Peak Climbing, Phakchhermo Peak, Pisang Peak, Tent Peak Kalapathar Peak & Gokyo Peak, and we have led expeditions across many high passes in Nepal, covers some famous mountains: Manaslu Circuit Larke Pass, Ampu-lapcha Pass, Makalu sherpani col Pass, east col Pass, west col Pass, Chola Pass, Renjula Pass, Rolwaling Tashilapcha Pass, Ganjala Pass, Ganesh himal Pangsang Pass, Thorong Pass and Tilicho Pass…ON THE WAY, AFTER ALL THE TRIALS & HARDSHIPS…THE BLOOD, SWEAT & TEARS…we are now an accomplished guide team who helps our guests unleash the best experiences ever in High Himalaya and Wild Adventures under their feet
    Treks come in many forms on Nepal's rugged Himalayas: ranging from the relaxed easy trekking where you can experience Nepalese Culture and Village life,Chitwan,Dhulekhel,Kathmandu Valley, Pokhara Ghale Gaun, to tea-house trekking in popular regions, Annapurna, Everest, Lantang, to unique treks into areas of Nepal that are off the beaten path and seldom visited by foreigners or remote non-touristic area Tawal Village, Chitwan Chepang Hill. All treks offer superb scenery and viewpoints into Nepal's exotic ancient culture. With our kind of experience, we can tailor your treks to meet your conveniences in any way that's comfortable to you.
    Nepal Base Camp Treks (Pvt. Ltd.)
    Post Box: 10114, Bhagwati Bahal Mark, Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Telephone: + 977-1-4436088. Mobile: +977-9851111874

  2. Trekking in Nepal Himalaya with
    Nepal and its Himalaya the most fascinating country in the world, although small in size offering awesome landscapes and panorama of more than 600 – 800 k.m. stretch snow clad mountains where world’s 8th highest mountains are located within Nepal territory Mt. Everest is known as Sagarmatha in Nepali world’s number one at 8,848 meters / 29,028 ft, world’s 3rd highest Mt. Kanchenjunga 8,586 m / 28,169 ft world’s 4th highest Mt. Lhotse 8,516 m / 27, 940 ft, world’s 5th highest Mt. Makalu 8,463 m / 27,766 ft, worlds 6th highest Mt. Cho-Oyu 8,201 m / 26,906 ft, worlds’ 7th highest Mt. Dhaulagiri 8,167 m / 26, 795 ft, worlds 8th highest Mt. Manaslu 8,163 m / 26,781 ft and world’s 10th highest Mt. Annapurna 8,091 m /26,545 ft with range of 7,000 -6,000 meters and below peaks which makes Nepal the most sought destination for all types of adventure sports from hiking, trekking, mountaineering.
    Nepal a delightful destinations for various kinds of trekking from soft, moderate, adventurous to extreme and challenging where it involves high passes of more than 5,000 meters, all these wonderful trekking destinations in and around Nepal Himalaya run and organized by professional and veteran trekking and adventure companies in Nepal, depending upon the safety and quality that can offer to its enthusiastic clients, one of the many local companies that organizes and leads various trips and marvelous trekking destinations around Nepal Himalaya and neighboring countries Bhutan and Tibet including North East India in Darjeeling and Sikkim.
    On popular trekking areas in Nepal Himalaya are Trekking in Nepal, Everest Base Camp trekking, Annapurna Circuit Trekking, Manaslu Circuit Trekking, Manaslu Tsum Valley Trekking, Upper Mustang Trekking, Everest Three Pass Trekking, Kanchenjunga Trekking, Upper Dolpo Trekking, Island Peak Climbing, Mera Peak Climbing, peak Climbing in Nepal and Tour in Nepal done in the comfort of staying in nice cozy lodges with good food menu throughout the trek accompanied by veteran and expert guides of guides who are very professional of the designated area of trekking, offering wide and deep information of the culture, religions, traditions of the local villages on route trekking including
    Contact Address
    Encounters (P.) Ltd.
    Tel No.: 977-01-4411142
    Cell: +977-9851090105
    GPO Box: 21952,Thamel Marg
    Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal

  3. Welcome to Base Camp Trekking Tour! Hundred percent pure lands of highest Himalaya's adventures
    Trekking in Nepal is one of the best adventure government registered company operating all adventure holidays trip to world most popular mountains Everest Base Camp Treks, Annapurna Base Camp Treks, Langtang Treks, Manaslu Treks, as well Upper mustang trek, Ganesh Himal Treks, Langtang Ganja La Pass Treks and all popular sightseeing tour of Ancients Kathmandu Valley and relaxing Chitwan Lumbini Tour on your desirable local budget for national and international travelers to Nepal.
    Nepal Base Camp Treks (P) Ltd.( may be your next Trekking and Trekking Company in Nepal for any Trekking Agency in Nepal to highlander Himalayas Everest base camp, best mountain sceneries Annapurna Base Camp, recently promoting Manaslu Circuit Trek, several High passes Thorong La Annapurna Circuit,Gokyo Lake Chola Pass,Gokyo Lake Renjo La Pass, Chhukung Kongma La Pass, Rolwaling Tashilapchha Pass, Gosaikund Lake Pass, Kathmandu Valley Cultural trek and tour,Dhulekhel Namoduddha, Nagarkot trek, Bungmati Tour, Chiwan Chepang Hill Trek, Bandipur Tour,Pokhara Valley trekking tour,Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek, Annpurna Ghandruk Trek, Kanchanjanga north to south Pass,Langtang Ganja La Pass, depending small group travelers to joining group travelers on your desired budget to standard budget.
    Nepal Base Camp Treks offers you very popular non tourist destinations as remote regions of manaslu Tsum Valley Trek, Nar-Phu Valley Trek, Tamang Heritage Trail, Ghale Gaun Trek, Kanchanjanga Base Camp Trek, Rolwaling Camping Trek, Upper Mustang Cultural Trek, Lower Dolpo and Upper Dolpo Trek on very reasonable social trek in non touristic destination to better understand your holidays with our professional team
    Our team in Nepal Base Camp Treks is very profession of peak climbing experiences of most popular Island Peak, Lobuje Peak, Mera Peak, Phakchhermo Peak in Everest Region and Pisang Peak, Kanguru Peak, Chulu Peak in Annapurna Circuit Region and Tent Peak in Annapurna Base Camp.
    We guaranteed you best services and trouble less during your lifetime holidays journey with our professional mountain local team and wish you have a nice journey and see you soon in Nepal here to dream your adventure awaits you, as I remain
    Yours sincerely
    Sappa Lama (Sagar) and team